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A Misconception PDF Print E-mail
Written by Masood Khan   
Sunday, 02 October 2011 16:38

A MISCONCEPTION

I seek refuge in ALLAH from the whisperings of the evil.


MAZHAB E MA KITAB ULLAH WA ITTABAH E RASOOLALLAH.
The event of this saying is well known among the Mahdavis for different reasons. Whatever the reasons, everybody tries referring to this as a way of deciding the status of Imam Mahdi AS.  Is this all that the saying is about?  In order to understand it, we must first take a closer look at when and how this saying was said.

 

 

First of all, this saying was the answer to a question. A question was asked to Imam Mahdi AHS asking what mazhab He follows (I.e. Does Mahdi AHS follow Hanafi, Shafai, Maliki or Humbali school of thought?)  What we need to understand is:  why did the scholars ask this particular question?  The scholars came to Imam Mahdi AHS with a purpose to know the truth behind the claim of Hazrat Syed Mohammed Jaunpuri as the Promised Mahdi. The understanding behind this question is that the Promised Mahdi is supposed to be a perfect follower of Prophet Mohammed PBUH. This implies he will be guided from ALLAH in all the aspects of His life.This is a great attribute of Promised Mahdi that was foretold by Prophet Mohammed PBUH. This would mean that Imam Mahdi AHS has to perfectly follow Prophet Mohammed PBUH without committing a single mistake. We have to keep in mind that the Advent of Mahdi AS was around 850 years AFTER Prophet Mohammed PBUH. This question was asked, keeping in mind:  How can a person follow the Prophet Mohammed PBUH perfectly if he has never seen him?  They wanted to know if Hazrat Syed Mohammed Jaunpuri could be a disciple of one of the school of thoughts and then they would question him according to that school of thought regarding his claim of being Promised Mahdi. But the answer they got did not include any school of thought. Instead they were told, “Mazhab e ma kitabullah wa ittabah e rasoolullah“. This answer clarifies that Promised Mahdi is the guided one from Allah and he would follow Prophet Mohammed PBUH perfectly as was foretold. This answer also eliminates the possibility of human error from the following of Prophet Mohammed PBUH.  If the answer, instead, would have been any of the four schools of thought then the claim of being the promised Mahdi according to the prominent sayings of the prophet about him following the prophet’s footsteps and not committing any mistakes would be dismissed.

 

It has been almost 550 years since the advent of Mahdi AHS, but his sayings have been preserved till today by his followers. Important events are written and they serve as a reminder to his followers from time to time, such as on special occasions, in speeches, or in other forms. Unfortunately, people knowingly or unknowingly try to portray a different view without even taking into account past events and history and therefore, try to enforce their OWN view onto others. This is also the case with this particular saying. Everybody tries to put forward what they think and understand about it. But does anybody justify their claim of their OWN understanding to be true with proof according to the Holy Quran and the Sayings of the Prophet Mohammed PBUH before they try to impose their understanding on others?  Should this proof not be the base for whatever understanding they get from the sayings of Mahdi AHS?  This saying has so many aspects to it, but the only thing that seems to matter to our community is that this saying proves the status of Imam Mahdi AHS. The main point of debate is the word Ittabah e rasoolullah.  This eventually gives rise to the question:  How can a follower be equal in status to one he follows?  They seem to willingly forget the other words of the saying, Mazhab e ma kitabullah, which are in the initial part of the saying. The answer lies in the WHOLE saying and not just a part of the saying. 

What does Mazhab mean?  Is Mazhab mentioned here equivalent to Deen al-Islam or is it a completely a different thing?  Everyone takes these two words to be synonyms. But in the real sense, these are two different words.  Deen al-Islam is an Arabic word, whereas Mazhab is a Persian word. Deen al-Islam was the term chosen by Allah for His Deen. Deen can be defined as a set of rules and guidelines that a group of people follow, whereas mazhab can be defined as a person’s own understanding of the Deen. Deen is for a group of people while Mazhab is a personal belief and understanding of Deen. The answer the scholars got from Imam AHS was the negation of the personal belief and understanding and affirming that he is the Guided one who follows the Prophet PBUH perfectly.

What does ittabah mean? Ittabah generally means to follow. Before jumping to the conclusion that a person who follows cannot be equal in status to the one followed we look further than Imam Mahdi AHS. The Holy Quran has answers to all the questions. When we look into the lives of all of the Prophets mentioned in the Quran there is one thing in common that we find: it is undoubtedly certain that each and every prophet followed the earlier prophets or messengers.

And they say: Be Jews or Christians, then ye will be rightly guided.
Say (unto them, O Muhammad): Nay, but (we follow) the religion of Abraham, the upright, and he was not of the idolaters.                                                                                                             Holy Qu'ran 2:135

This verse is an example for us to know that Prophet Mohammed PBUH was ordered to follow Prophet Abraham AS, keeping this in mind, should the status of Prophet Abraham AHS be HIGHER because He is the one that is being followed?

Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed unto us and that which was revealed unto Abraham, and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob, and the tribes, and that which Moses and Jesus received, and that which the prophets received from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and unto Him we have surrendered. Holy Qu'ran 2:136

This verse clearly refers that no human being is allowed to give a status to any of the Prophets or messengers of Allah.

In another verse Allah says:
Of those messengers, some of whom We have caused to excel others, and of whom there are some unto whom Allah spake, while some of them He exalted (above others) in degree  Holy Qu'ran 2:253

This verse is contradicts the earlier verse. But the scholars of Islam believe that this verse is in reference to the status of the prophets in the eyes of Allah. This means that if we assign a status to any Prophet, we are going against the will of Allah.  Keeping this view in mind, will it be appropriate to term Prophet Mohammed PBUH as Afzal ul Ambia (highest in rank of all prophets)? The most common answer we get from people who believe in this is the reference of the Namaz that was offered during the Shab-e-Mehraj, which was lead by the Prophet with all the Ambia following Him Behind in prayer.  If we take this view of understanding then the Prophet who followed all of the Prophets from Adam AS to Esa AS becomes Afzal ul Ambia.   If so, then what will you decide for Allah’s Khalifa, who in the true sense followed the Afzal ul Ambia?  Higher, equal, or lower in status?  What would make sense so you don’t fall in the category of an infidel?

Does this ittabah of Imam Mahdi AHS is the ittabah of you and me? Certainly not. Then what is this ittabah related to? The clear picture that comes out of this saying is no doubt that the four imams of schools of thought have done a huge favor on the Islamic world but they still are humans bond to commit mistakes. It means that Promised Mahdi AHS made Islam as pure as it was during the period of Prophet Mohammed PBUH. Therefore we the followers of Imam Mahdi AHS follow the religion of Allah that was perfectly followed by Prophet Mohammed PBUH and Imam Mahdi AHS.

There is no compulsion in religion. Holy Qu'ran  2:256

Comments
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khadeeja  - Want to know more   |24.148.91.xxx |2015-02-19 20:51:08
Is the book you mentioned available in english translation online?
RAMEEZ  - assalaamalekum,   |24.148.91.xxx |2012-04-06 07:46:52
bhai insted of all these debates & conversation better 2 do ZAKIR u will guided by ALLLAH-RABBULALAMEEN.
khunza meraj   |Registered |2011-11-23 23:04:33
avatar I liked the article and it has also raised a question in my mind. The writer says 'Itteba e rasoolallah' is to follow the footsteps of the Prophet (S.A.W), If so,will it not be appropriate to find it's relevance to Sunnah of the prophet which is followed by every muslim?
mohammed masood khan   |Registered |2011-11-28 22:30:32
avatar I am not sure if i understood your question, are you trying to say this saying should only be applied for the following of Prophet Mohammed pbuh? if not please elaborate.
Niamath Khan niamath_khan@yaho  - A MISCONCEPTION   |216.80.83.xxx |2011-10-05 18:44:09
Mashallah, very nice article, due to lack of knowledge and Imaan most of our community people are confused and impressed with other people believes.
This is one of the reason we should emphasize more on providing true Islamic knowledge to our community in every way. JazakALLAH.


Niamath Khan
Syed Ali Qasim  - Tasviyat Khatemain Ahs   |Registered |2011-10-03 21:54:59
I am really impressed with Masood Bhai's article. You wrote the article in the true spirit of mahdaviat. I want to add some points to your article.

Allah says in Quran "Surah Khul". Allah is peerless, unprecedented. God has created everything in pairs. For example God has created men and women. They are in pair. If anyone who says like that no one can reach the place of prophet Mohammed is just like doing a (shirk). I want to ask those fellows who are you to decide the status of prophet Mohammed as unprecedented. I believe God has the ability to make hundreds of other individuals to the Place of prophet Mohammed or Mehdi AHS, because Allah can do anything. You cannot ask Allah to do this thing or that thing.

As you mentioned in your article, God has asked Prophet Mohammed to follow Ibrahim AHS. You may even say that because prophet Mohammed is following Hz. Ibrahim AHS, it means Hz. Ibrahim AHS is superior.

If you study the whole Quran, no where in the Quran the God has never said as Prophet Mohammed is Peerless or Superior of all Prophets. If anyone who says like Prophet Mohammed is Superior, no one can proved this with wholly by Quran.

My point is that if anyone who is believing that prophet is peerless or unprecedented, I have no doubt in my mind, he will definitely go to hell.

Syed Ali Qasim
Chanchal Guda
Near Hazeera Shaheedan
Hyderabad. 500024
AP INDIA.
Shaji Ullah Khan  - Question   |Registered |2011-10-03 06:40:31
avatar Its a great article and I appreciate you taking the time to explain. While you have answered most of the question, you have left some unanswered.
1) As you have quoted the ayah from quran 2:135, then why bother comparing the status? If we arent allowed to comment on the status of prophets, who are we to comment on the status of prophet and imam? Why not leave it to Allah(ST)? You raising the question, "what would make sense so you dont fall into the category of an infidel" implies to me that you are forcing me to make a status comparison between imamuna (AS) and the Prophet (PBUH). I refuse to do that. Nabuvat and vilayath are two distinct and separate things. So if you are drawing a comparison perhaps this would be one of them for you to begin with.
2) You said in your article, "this answer clarifies that promised Mahdi is guided one from Allah...." How do you propose the guidance took place? A book? Perhaps Gibrael(AS)? I am not contending this, thus far, but need to know for my own sake.
masood khan  - question   |216.80.83.xxx |2011-10-06 10:07:56
1.This article is intended to bring out the various aspects of the saying. The question is raised for those persons who have restricted this saying only as to defining the status of Imam Mahdi AS. The answer to your first question is already in the beginning of the paragraph “Keeping this view in mind, will it be appropriate to term Prophet Mohammed PBUH as Afzal ul Ambia (highest in rank of all prophets)? The most common answer we get from people who believe in this is the reference of the Namaz that was offered during the Shab-e-Mehraj, which was lead by the Prophet with all the Ambia following Him Behind in prayer”.

I have put forward my views keeping in mind questions that are raised with this saying. There is no compulsion in religion. Every person is entitled to his own view even those views which they cannot support according to the holy book or traditions of the prophet. I agree nabuwath and vilayath are two separate and distinct things. But they together form Islam. Islam is not complete if you leave any one of these. Holy Quran would not have been reveled without the knowledge of vilayath or maurifath.

2. Shaik Mohiuddin Ibn-e-Arabi quoted a tradition in his book "Futuhat-al- Makkiya" that the Prophet (S.A.S) said “Mehdi is from me; he will follow my footsteps without err”. Following Prophet Mohammed PBUH after 550 years can be done only with the guidance from Allah without any intermediate. If the parameter for guidance is only Holy book and Gabriel AS then what do you think about hadith e Qudsi?
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Last Updated on Wednesday, 20 June 2012 20:52