(01 Mar 2011)

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Health And Wellness

13 years 3 months ago - 13 years 3 months ago #22 by Zehra
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13 years 3 months ago - 13 years 3 months ago #29 by Zehra
There are two types of Diabetes:

Type 1: Which is commonly found in children and Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for about 95 percent of all cases.
Many people with type 2 diabetes don't show any symptoms of having the disease.

However, some individuals do experience what are sometimes called "classic" diabetes symptoms, including:
increased thirst
increased hunger
weight loss
blurred vision
frequent urination, particularly at night
frequent infections and/or slow-healing cuts or sores
Diabetes is a progressive disease and is diagnosed when an individual's glucose level (sometimes called blood sugar) is above normal.

Glucose -- from digested food -- is the main source of energy for the body's cells. When glucose enters the bloodstream, the pancreas releases insulin to help cells use glucose for energy.

In people with type 2 diabetes, the pancreas does not produce enough insulin to keep blood glucose levels normal. This causes several problems:
Glucose continues to flow through the bloodstream but cannot be used by the cells.

Over time, glucose levels increase while the cells don't get the energy they need.
Left untreated, this can lead to complications such as neuropathy, heart disease, eye damage, and kidney disease.

1. After you eat, food is broken down into molecules the body can use for energy and repair. The carbohydrate in foods is broken down into glucose.
2. Glucose enters the bloodstream.
3. Beta cells of the pancreas are no longer able to make enough insulin to control blood glucose. Plus, the body's cells are no longer able to use this insulin as effectively as normal. This is a progressive condition that starts even before pre-diabetes.
4. Without enough insulin, glucose is not able to enter the cells for energy.

There are several risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including:

Weight: People who are overweight -- particularly those who tend to carry extra weight around waist -- have an increased risk.
Family History: Having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes increases the chances of developing the disease.
Sedentary Lifestyle: Individuals who are inactive (exercise less than three times per week) have a higher risk.

Gestational Diabetes: Women who had gestational diabetes while pregnant or delivered a baby weighing more than 9 pounds are at an increased risk.
Pre-diabetes: Men and women who have pre-diabetes -- a condition with elevated glucose levels -- are at a higher risk.
Type 2 diabetes is typically diagnosed with a simple blood test. There are two types of tests:

Fasting blood-glucose test: Taken after 12 hours of fasting (though water is permitted), diabetes is diagnosed if blood glucose levels are higher than 126 mg/dL for two tests.

Random blood-glucose test: Taken during a doctor's exam (non-fasting), diabetes is suspected if blood glucose levels are higher than 200 mg/dL and includes other symptoms of diabetes (i.e., thirst, blurred vision, weight loss).

With good blood glucose control, people with type 2 diabetes can live a long and healthy life. Prompt and consistent diabetes treatment is essential for achieving good blood glucose control and reducing the risk of complications. While treatment varies from person to person, there are typically several steps:

1. Monitoring: Keeping track of glucose levels is vital to diabetes control. It's also essential for detecting glucose extremes such as high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).

To monitor blood glucose:
Prick the finger with a small needle (lancet).
Place a drop of blood on a test strip and insert it into a glucose meter to measure the amount of glucose in the blood.

The glucose meter keeps track of glucose readings over time, which a physician uses to make recommendations on treatment. The physician also decides how many times a day an individual should test blood glucose.

In addition, physicians recommend A1C testing (also called glycosylated hemoglobin), which tracks how blood glucose levels changed over the prior three to four months.
3 Meal Plan: Meal planning is necessary to maintain good glucose control. To manage diabetes and prevent complications, a good meal plan should be rich in whole grains, fresh fruits, and vegetables and low in saturated and trans fat. Speak with a registered dietitian to create an individual meal plan.

4. Weight Loss: Some individuals can improve diabetes control by losing weight. In addition, weight loss -- particularly around the waist-- can improve insulin response. Maintaining a healthy weight also reduces the risk of diabetes-related complications such as heart disease and neuropathy.

5. Physical Activity: Exercise helps reduce blood glucose levels and prevent insulin resistance. In addition, it helps people maintain a healthy weight and reduce the risk of diabetes-related complications.
Type 2 diabetes is a progressive disease that is diagnosed when the beta cells in the pancreas no longer produce enough insulin to meet the body's demands (a condition known as insulin deficiency). If you are at risk or have been told you have pre-diabetes, there are steps you can take to help prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes, including:

Reach a healthy weight: Talk with your doctor about a healthy weight for you. Studies have shown that losing 5 -7 percent of your body weight (a 10- to 14-pound weight loss for a 200-pound person) can prevent or delay pre-diabetes from progressing to type 2.

Know your risk for pre-diabetes: Talk with your doctor about how frequently your glucose levels should be evaluated and mention any diabetes symptoms you may be experiencing.

Start exercising: Getting in shape improves insulin efficiency, controls glucose, and helps weight control.
To maintain a healthy weight, eat a well-balanced diet full of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and lean protein. Steer clear of high-fat, high-calorie food.

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13 years 3 months ago #42 by Zehra
Stick to a Healthy Meal Plan:

Following a healthy meal plan is one of the most important measures you can take to keep your blood glucose under control.
Work with your dietitian to design a meal plan that reflects your own needs and preferences.
Your plan should:
Be nutritionally balanced to include carbohydrates, protein, and fat, as well as vitamins, minerals, and fiber.
Include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.
Reduce the amount of saturated fat and cholesterol you eat.
Minimize the amount of salt and sodium you eat.
Help you maintain or achieve an ideal weight.
Include foods that you enjoy.

Don't Skip Meals:
Breakfast is especially important if you need to control your weight. It helps to jump-start your metabolism and makes you less likely to overeat later.
If you do skip a meal, eat a healthy snack to replace the missing carbohydrates. Adjust your medication as advised by your doctor.
Don't Delay Meals:
Everyone needs to eat about every four to six hours during the day to keep energy levels up. People with diabetes usually have better blood glucose control if their meals and carbohydrates are spaced evenly throughout the day. Too many carbohydrates at any one time can raise your blood glucose too high even if you take diabetes medicine.

If you do postpone a meal, snack on a food that contains carbohydrates or delay taking your medication as suggested by your doctor.

Pick Foods High in Fiber:Foods that contain soluble fiber, such as oats and barley, may help lower your blood cholesterol level and smooth out your blood glucose level so it doesn't rise too fast or too high after you eat. Other food sources of soluble fiber include beans, whole wheat and bran cereals, and many fruits and vegetables. If the fruit or vegetable peel is edible, leave it on for even more fiber.

Watch What You Drink:Drinks can contain a lot of extra calories and carbohydrates. Carry your own sugar-free drinks if you think low-carb choices will not be available when you're away from home. Good choices are bottled water, tonic water with lemon or lime slices, sugar-free soft drinks, and tea that's unsweetened or sweetened with artificial sweetener.

Pick Foods Low in Fat:High-fat meals can keep blood glucose high because fat causes it to rise more slowly and stay longer.Eating low fat food keeps blood glucose under control.
Choose Nonstarchy Veggies(vegetables):Nonstarchy vegetables contain few calories and grams of carbohydrates per serving, an average of 25 calories and 5 grams of carbohydrates. They include greens(Hari sabzi ya bhaji) peppers, broccoli, and green beans(Binis ki phalli)

Follow Your Medication Plan:It's well known that people who have type 1 diabetes need insulin to survive, but most people who have type 2 diabetes need a progression of blood-glucose-lowering medications over the years to keep blood glucose levels in the target range.
If your doctor has prescribed a medication, it's important to take that medication according to your doctor's directions. Do not stop taking any medication without first consulting your doctor.
Make sure you:Know the best time to take your pills and try to take them as directed.
Know what side effects you might experience, how to deal with them, and when to alert your doctor about problems.
Realize that your doctor prescribes medications based on your health history, so don't try to copy another patient's plan or stop or start taking drugs on your own.
Test your blood glucose as directed and note how prescribed medication changes may affect it.
Know Your Medication:It's important to understand how each medication works and to follow instructions for taking it.
Stay informed and query your doctor or pharmacist when you don't understand something.
Ask how long it will be before a new medication lowers your blood glucose.
Ask how much you can expect a new medication to lower your blood glucose when it's maximally effective.
Know the best time to take your pills and try to take them as directed.
Reduce Stress:When you have diabetes, the effects of stress can be a significant health risk. Stress can cause glucose levels to rise, as well as blood pressure and heart rate, which can result in real health problems. But by managing your stress in healthy ways, you can prevent some diabetes complications and improve your mental and emotional well-being.
Simple stress busters include:
Take five slow, deep breaths.
Do a few simple stretches.
Get seven to nine hours of sleep each night.
Take time to do something you really enjoy
Walking 45minutes per day does wonders.
Get Moving:The American Diabetes Association recommends accumulating 30 minutes of aerobic activity on most days and doing resistance activities (pushing, pulling, lifting) three times a week.

Exercise:Lowers blood glucose levels.
Helps your body use insulin better.
Decreases total cholesterol and triglycerides (blood fats) and increases HDL (good) cholesterol.
Decreases blood pressure.
Fosters weight loss and maintenance.
Increases strength, endurance, and flexibility.
Increases energy and feelings of well-being.

Check Your Blood Glucose Levels in a Variety of Situations:Ideas for when to check your glucose:
At different times on different days, rather than the same time every day. One day, check before and after breakfast; another day, check before and after dinner.One to two hours after a meal .Over the course of a week, you'll get a good look at your level of control.

When you try something new, whether it be food, exercise, medication, or dosage. Use your blood glucose meter as a barometer of change.

Track Your Blood Glucose Levels:
It's easier to notice a pattern if you record all of your readings. If you're experiencing lows or highs, call your doctor and have accurate information handy to discuss adjustments in your routine.

With regular monitoring, you can compare your day-to-day results with your A1C. You can also quickly learn how certain foods, meals, stress, illness, or activities can affect your blood glucose.

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13 years 2 months ago #79 by ammtulmehdi
Immense benefits of Kalonji had been cited in field of Homeopathy. The main reason is the citations of Kalonji in Islamic books and especially in Ahadees. These black seeds are often called black cumin or the scientific name is Nigella Sativa. It grows on a small bush plant which has voilet colored flowers.

Homepathy practioneers usually mention several mixtures of Kalonji with other ingredients to cure several aliments of human body. Dr. Liaq A khan and other practioneers have cited several aliments like skin disorders, respiratory infections, digestive infections that can be cured by these seeds. Even Ayurvedic books mention the benefits of these seeds. You can also refer to Tib-e-Nabvi for details about different mixtures.

Kajoni seeds can be found at any grocery store or in Homeopathic stores like Hamard.

Several Ahadees have been cited that describe the benefits of Kalonji seeds. Below are a few of them:

Hazrat Abu Hurairah States - “I have heard from Rasool(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) that there is cure for every disease in black seeds except death and black seeds are shooneez.”

Salim Bin Abdullah(R.A.) narrates with reference to his father Hazrat Abdullah Bin Omar that Rasool(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) said, “Let fall these black seeds upon you, these contain cure for all diseases except death.”

The same narration is found in Sanad-e-Ahmed from Hazrat Aisha (R.A.) and in Ibn-al-Jozi and Trimizi from Abu Huraira(R.A.). Hazrat Buraida(R.A.) narrates that Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) stated - “Shooneez is cure for all ailments except death.”

It is stated in the books of seerat that Nabi-e-Akram (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) himself used to take these seeds for therapeutic purpose but with the syrup of Honey.

Khalid Bin Saad states that he was travelling with Ghalib Bin Jabr, when he fell ill during the journey. Ibn Abi Ateeq (nephew of Hazrat Aisha(R.A.)) came to meet us. On seeing the patient, he took 5 or 7 seeds of Kalonji and ground it, mixed it in olive oil and dropped in both nostrils, Hazrat Aisha(R.A.) told us that Prophet Muhammad(sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) stated that there was cure in black seeds for all ailments except sam. I asked him, what was sam? He said “Death”. Ghalib Bin Jabr became healthy with that treatment.

Mixtures of Kalonji with other Ingredients that can be used to cure different illnesses:ANTI-TUMOR PRINCIPLES
Nigella sativa seeds have potent anti-tumor activity (Chakravarty, 1991). â- sitosterol, which is known to have anti carcinogenic activity. (Michael Tierra,1995).

The oil proved to be more effective against many strains of bacteria, including V. cholera, E. coli and all strains of Shigella spp., except Shigella dysentriae. (Pakistan Journal of Pharmacy,1989).

Kalonji can be used to treat arthritis by the inhibition of Eicasanoid generation, (El-Dakhakny, 1960).

Kalonji increases immune function (U.S. Patents Sections, Antiviral Agents Bulletin #5,482,711).

Kalonji stimulates bone marrow & immune cells, protects normal cells against cell destroying effects of viruses, destroys tumor cells and raises the number of anti-bodies producing â- cells (Cancer Immuno-biology Laboratory, South Carolina ).

Kalonji proves to have an anti histamine, anti oxidant, antibiotic, antimycotic and bronchodilating effect (Study of Kalonji oil on humans, American Scientists ).

Kalonji tests prove to be genuine universal remedy (Pharmaceutical newspaper, Wissenschaftlicher Text).

Improves kidney function.
Promotes regulation of blood pressure.
Promotes detoxification of the liver.

There are lots of benefits in using Kalonji and there is no risk involved in its use. The Ahadees clearly mentions that seeds can cure all diseases except death. That means incurable diseases or terminal diseases cannot be cured by these seeds. When there is no harm or risk involved in its use and when there are so many benefits why should we intake a these seeds. Therefore I recommend all Mahdavi brothers and sisters (that includes me) to use Kalonji for their illinesses.

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13 years 2 months ago - 13 years 2 months ago #81 by ammtulmehdi
The Olive, is a small fruit with green or black color. Mostly found in dry lands like Mediterranean, Asia and parts of Africa. Olive has a distinct sour taste unlike other fruits. Our forefathers have been using it for centuries.

According to extracts from Wikipedia, Olive is mentioned atleast 30 times in Bible (both in Old Testament and New Testament). Quran-E-Hakeem also has the mention of Olive,

Wat Tin Waz Zaytun

(95:1) By the fig and the olive *1
(Surat At-Tin)

In Surat At-Tin, Allah takes an Oath of both Fig and the Olive. Both of these fruits have something that we hardly appreciate. Especially the fig trees which are found in backyards of houses in India. People hardly bother to eat figs. Fallen figs attract birds. But both Olive and fig have a higher regard in eyes of Allah SWT and hence He mentions them and not only mentions them but also takes an oath on them in his Last Book. Surely, the Creator knows the best of his creations than the creatures.

Allah is the Light [2996] of the heavens and the earth, [2997]
The parable of His Light is as if there were a niche,
And within it a Lamp: The Lamp enclosed in Glass; [2998]
The glass as it were a brilliant star; [2999]
Lit from a blessed Tree, [3000]
An Olive, neither of the East nor of the West, [3001]
Whose oil is well-nigh luminous, though fire scarce touched it; [3002]
Light upon Light!
Allah doth set forth parables for men: and Allah doth know all things.

Surah 24:35 Al Nur (The Light)
(Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur'an, 1989.)
Surat-e-Nur, the most beautiful Surah of Quran (in my opinion), which describes Allah SWT himself mentions Olive.

Notice how Allah SWT mentions Olive and its oil, in my opinion either olive has more purity than any other kind of oils like vegetable oils etc and therefore Allah mentions it while He describes himself. Or like some Scholars say that Olive oil was used for prayers back in olden days. Either way, the mention of the friut in Quran-e-Hakeem proves that there is a significance of the fruit for humanity.

Researchers have found that people in Mediterranean region have low heart related diseases. Based on their study, researchers concluded that the use of olive oil in cooking lowers cholestrol and thereby reduces the risk of heart attacks and other heart related diseases. Now doctors recommend the use of Olive oil for cooking.

Some people have the misconception that olive oil doesn't taste good. Although the raw form of olive oil has strong smell but once heated and cooked there is no smell of any kind and it tastes as good as any other vegetable oil.

The price of Olive is relatively affordable in European and American countries. But for people living in India and Pakistan the price is skyrocketing. Expecting people to use olive oil where they can barely afford is unreasonable. The healthier alternative would be to supplement the use of Butter and Ghee with vegetable oil. Cooking food with lesser percentage of vegetable oil would also reduce the risk of heart related diseases without compromising on taste.


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13 years 2 months ago - 13 years 2 months ago #93 by Zehra
Blood pressure is the tension exerted on the walls of the blood vessels and arteries when the heart pumps blood. High blood pressure is diagnosed as levels of 120/80 mm/Hg and above
Hypertension is the number-one risk factor for stroke and a major risk factor for heart disease, kidney damage, blindness, and many other health problems.

Many people do not even know they have a problem with high blood pressure because it usually gives no warning signs. As a result, it can go undetected for a long time. This is why high blood pressure (or hypertension) is called “the silent killer.”
The best way to prevent this is to regularly monitor your blood pressure.
Let us see what we need to know about high blood pressure risk factors, treatment, and prevention.
Here is what we need to know to reduce high blood pressure and lower your risk of heart attack and stroke.
High blood pressure: Also called hypertension, high blood pressure means the pressure of blood being pumped through the arteries is above normal.

Blood pressure is expressed as a fraction in millimeters of mercury (mmHg), such as 110/74 mmHg. The top number (systolic pressure) measures heartbeats; the bottom number (diastolic pressure) measures between beats.

Normal blood pressure: below 120/80 mmHg
Prehypertension: between 120/80 mmHg and 139/89 mmHg
Stage 1: between 140/90 mmHg and 159/99 mmHg
Stage 2: 160/100 mmHg or higher
There are two major causes of high blood pressure:
Primary hypertension: The cause of high blood pressure is a mystery. This is called essential or primary hypertension and often takes years to develop.
Secondary hypertension: High blood pressure is the result of some underlying, known condition such as a structural blood vessel problem or an existing disease. Secondary hypertension accounts for about 5–10 percent of high blood pressure cases.
High blood pressure exerts pressure on the heart and cardiovascular system and over time can cause blood vessels to harden, narrow, and even burst
Hypertension is the most influential risk factor for stroke. It is also a major risk factor for:
heart disease
heart attack
kidney disease
There are some risk factors for high blood pressure we can’t control:
Age: People over 35 have increased risk for high blood pressure.
Family History: Having a parent or sibling with high blood pressure increases your risk.
Risk factors for high blood pressure we can control:
Obesity: Extra body weight taxes the cardiovascular system, making it work harder to pump blood.
Sedentary Lifestyle: Exercise increases the heart's efficiency. Lack of activity causes the heart to work harder to pump blood, increasing blood pressure.
Smoking: Smoking causes the arteries to narrow, increasing blood pressure.
Excess Sodium: A diet with too much sodium can lead to fluid retention, increasing blood volume.
Low Potassium: Potassium balances sodium; without adequate potassium intake, sodium levels increase.
Stress: Stress increases heart rate, so blood is pumped faster.
Often called the “silent killer,” high blood pressure doesn’t have any symptoms and is only discovered when blood pressure is measured. According to the American Heart Association, nearly 30 percent of Americans have high blood pressure, and one-third of those don’t know they have it.

Keep in mind: One high reading doesn’t indicate high blood pressure. Some factors can temporarily elevate blood pressure, including:
However, if you get a high blood pressure reading and you have a family history of high blood pressure or heart disease, are overweight, smoke, or have other risk factors, your doctor will investigate further.
If healthy lifestyle changes such as following a healthy diet, getting physical activity, and losing weight aren’t enough to reduce blood pressure, the doctor may prescribe medication
Quit smoking.
Exercise regularly.
Follow a low-sodium diet.
Reduce or manage stress.
Maintain a healthy weight.

Tips to Lower Your Blood Pressure :
By making healthy lifestyle changes, including lowering sodium intake, improving diet and exercise, and reducing stress, you can lower blood pressure on your own terms.
One of the most effective ways to lower blood pressure is to reduce your sodium intake. Studies have shown that reducing the amount of sodium in your diet can lower your blood pressure 4–5 mmHg.
Sodium increases blood pressure by causing fluid retention and/or constricting blood vessels.
Our daily sodium intake should be:
2,300 milligrams of sodium or less: For adults up to the age of 50
1,500 milligrams of sodium or less: For those older than age 50,
Tip: Remove the saltshaker(Namakdaani) from the table.
Choose Low-Sodium Foods
Maintaining a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can decrease your blood pressure 8–15 mmHg.
Cook Without Salt :
Low-sodium cooking can be flavorful. Here’s how to do it:
Instead of salt season with herbs, spices, ginger, garlic, lemon, and fruit juices.
Avoid salty seasonings
Drain and rinse canned vegetables and beans before preparing them.
Follow the DASH Diet :
To help lower your blood pressure, the American Heart Association suggests following the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) eating plan.
The DASH diet:
Grains and grain products: 7–8 daily servings
Vegetables: 4–5 daily servings
Fruit: 4–5 daily servings
Low-fat or nonfat dairy: 2–3 daily servings
Meat, poultry, and fish: 2 daily servings or less
Nuts, seeds, and legumes: 4–5 servings per week
Fats and oils: 2–3 daily servings
Low-fat sweets: 5 servings per week
Check Your Medicines :
Medications can also be a source of sodium. For example, some headache and heartburn(LooseMotions) medications are high in sodium carbonate or bicarbonate.
Consider Aspirin Therapy:
Aspirin helps prevent heart attack by thinning the blood and preventing formation of clots that could clog an artery. Aspirin also protects against coronary artery inflammation. Talk with your doctor before starting aspirin therapy.
Dosage: Most patients take one or two low-dose (81 mg) tablets daily. Use brands with enteric coating to protect against stomach upset
You shouldn’t take aspirin except under a doctor’s supervision if you: are pregnant
have uncontrolled high blood pressure
have a bleeding disorder
have asthma
have peptic (stomach) ulcers
have liver or kidney disease
Side effects: Gastrointestinal problems, including bleeding and/or ulcers.
Because aspirin thins blood, those who take it daily must tell any doctor or dentist what dose they’re taking before even minor surgery or any dental extraction.
Get Plenty of Exercise :
Exercising for 45 minutes three to five times a week can lower your blood pressure 5–7 mmHg.
To get started: Brisk walking/walking .
Its many benefits include:
blood pressure reduction
improved blood glucose in people with diabetes
improved mood .

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