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 "Ash’hadu an la ilaha illallahu

Wa ash’hadu anna Muhammadan

Abduhu wa Rasuluhu.”  
 

"I bear witness that there is no God but Allah

And I further testify that Muhammad is

 His Servant and Messenger. 

To proclaim this and believe in it firmly,

And to express faith in whatever the 

Prophet Muhammadpbuh had

described as essentials of the religion."

                                                                         Fasting During the Holy Month of Ramadan 
 

                               Fasting is called Saum in Arabic and Roza in Urdu. It means to refrain or to keep away from something. In the Sacred Islamic Law it means to refrain from eating, drinking and sex from dawn to dusk. Fasting during the whole month of Ramadan has been made obligatory by Allah the Most High for every Muslim, Man or Woman, who has reached puberty, and who is capable of bearing the Fasting. It is one of the five pillars of Islam.  It not only purifies the body but also purifies the soul of the believers and keeps them away from all kinds of sins.

The Book of God says:

       “O you who believe!

        Fasting is prescribed for you,

        As it was prescribed for those before you,

        So that you may guard (against evil).

         For a certain number of days;

         But whoever among you is sick or on a journey,

        Then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days

         And those who are not able to do

         It may effect a redemption by feeding a poor man;

         So whoever does good spontaneously

         It is better for him, and that you fast

         Is better for you if you know.

         The month of Ramadan is that

         In which the Qur’an was revealed,

         A guidance to mankind and

         Clear proofs of the guidance and the distinction,

         Therefore whoever of you is present in the month,

         He shall fast therein, and whoever is sick or upon a journey,

         Then (he shall fast) a (like) number of other days;

          Allah does not desire for you  difficulty,

          And (He desires) that you should complete the number

          And that you should extol the greatness of Allah

          For His having guided you and that you may give thanks."
              (183-185/2 Al-Baqara)


 
The conditions of a valid Fasting are:

(a). The Intention for Fasting

(b). Refraining from things which break the Fasting

(c). While fasting one should avoid slander, lying and foul language.

For a seeker of God and God’s pleasure, Saum (Roza) of Ramadan are a highly rewarding form of worship.

Performing this form of worship gives us training in patience, purification and perseverance. The rewards in the life hereafter are far more valuable.

There are a number of sound traditions (Ahadith) of the Messenger of God (God bless him and give him peace) which indicate how much God is pleased with his humble slave when he sincerely observes fasting. He said that whoever observes fasting faithfully and whole-heartedly all his previous sins would be forgiven. 

    Salath is an Arabic term used for Prayer. In Urdu & Farsi -Persian, it is called as NAMAZ.

The book of God tells us:    

                                            
"Verily Salath prevents one from shameful and forbidden things; 
               And the remembrance of Allah is the greatest."     
     (29:25)                   

 Further, the Holy Qur'an says that the Salath is a time bound Obligation  for the believers.

The Holy ProphetPBUH  say that:                                   

"Salath is the best of all that has been ordained by Allah."                                                             

The Holy ProphetPBUH is also reported to have said that:   

  "Salath is the difference between a  believer and a KAFIR- disbeliever."                             

  HePBUH is also reported to have said:                                         

"One who intentionally gave up Salath has committed KUFR-disbelief."                                     

   The Importance of Salath is evident from a saying of the ProphetPBUH in which he describes the Salath as one of the Pillars of Islam. This is because God has ordained all believers in Qur'an about 72 times:

"WA AQEEMUS SALATH" -And establish Salath.  

  Time and Order of Salath 

              The Salath is obligatory for a believer five times a day, along with the obligatory Salath, the Sunnah (Practice of the ProphetPBUH) is also necessary. Since the Salath is a time  bound obligatory  worship a believer has to be watchful to  offer  it on time. All the Obligatory Salath's are to  be offered in a congregation (Jamaat). It is permissible to offer Salath individually, if offering it in congregation is not possible, for valid reasons. However, it is said in the traditions of the ProphetPBUH that the reward for a Salath offered in congregation is 27 times more than offering it individually.              

                                                                                                                      
             The utmost importance of offering obligatory prayers in a congregation is evident from the practice of The Promised Imam MAHDIAS. It is reported in several books of NAQLIAT-E-MAHDIAS (Narrations), that on hearing the AZAN (call for the congregational Salath) Imamuna  MahdiAS, if he was taking food, used to leave the morsel into the plate and go to join the congregation.

 

 

 

 
Literally the word "Zakat" means purity and purification. It is a technical term of the Sacred Islamic Law which means:

"Certain portion or amount of property that is given thereof as the due of God by its possessor to the poor in order that he may purify himself thereby."

                           The payment of this due is obligatory provided that the property is of a certain amount and have been in his/her possession for one Lunar year. The portion to be given, varies according to  the nature and amount of the property. Generally it is one-forth thereof i.e. two and a half percent.

Sadaquah is also a Qur'anic term which means Charity made in the way of Allah to seek His pleasure and it is to be rewarded in the life here-after.

 

There are two kinds of Sadaquah's:

  (1).Obligatory (Farz)   &  (2).Voluntary (Nafal)

 

  (1) Obligatory (Farz) Sadaquah  :

          Obligatory (Farz) Sadaquah is one , payment of which has been ordained by God in His Last Book,the Holy Qur'an. Zakat, Ushr, Zakat-ul-Fitr are obligatory Sadaquah's.

Great rewards have been promised by God for one who obeys His command and pays the Farz Sadaquah's to the deserving poor mentioned in His Book.

Zakat, the obligatory Sadaquah, purifies its giver of his/her sins and extols him/her by testifying his/her faith in Allah.

 

(2)Voluntary (Nafal) Sadaquah:

Voluntary (Nafal) Sadaquah are the charities made in addition to the obligatory Sadaquah's. The rewards for this kind of charities are also great as promised in the Holy Qur'an and Ahadith. 

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