Salath is an Arabic term used for Prayer. In Urdu & Farsi -Persian, it is called as NAMAZ.
The book of God tells us:
"Verily Salath prevents one from shameful and forbidden things;
And the remembrance of Allah is the greatest." (29:25)
Further, the Holy Qur'an says that the Salath is a time bound Obligation for the believers.
The Holy ProphetPBUH say that:
"Salath is the best of all that has been ordained by Allah."
The Holy ProphetPBUH is also reported to have said that:
"Salath is the difference between a believer and a KAFIR- disbeliever."
HePBUH is also reported to have said:
"One who intentionally gave up Salath has committed KUFR-disbelief."
The Importance of Salath is evident from a saying of the ProphetPBUH in which he describes the Salath as one of the Pillars of Islam. This is because God has ordained all believers in Qur'an about 72 times:
"WA AQEEMUS SALATH" -And establish Salath.
Time and Order of Salath
The Salath is obligatory for a believer five times a day, along with the obligatory Salath, the Sunnah (Practice of the ProphetPBUH) is also necessary. Since the Salath is a time bound obligatory worship a believer has to be watchful to offer it on time. All the Obligatory Salath's are to be offered in a congregation (Jamaat). It is permissible to offer Salath individually, if offering it in congregation is not possible, for valid reasons. However, it is said in the traditions of the ProphetPBUH that the reward for a Salath offered in congregation is 27 times more than offering it individually.
The utmost importance of offering obligatory prayers in a congregation is evident from the practice of The Promised Imam MAHDIAS. It is reported in several books of NAQLIAT-E-MAHDIAS (Narrations), that on hearing the AZAN (call for the congregational Salath) Imamuna MahdiAS, if he was taking food, used to leave the morsel into the plate and go to join the congregation.