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Written by Haz. Maulana Abulfatah S Nusrat Sahab Qibla Tashreefullahi   
Sunday, 25 July 2010 00:00

 Shab-e-Bra'at  - The Night Of Seeking Redemption

 

Why this name has been given to the 14/15th night of the month of Shaban? The significance is that the Muslim Ummah , from the times of the Prophet, on account of the traditions of the Prophet (May Allah bless him and give him peace), believed that this is the most opportune night when Redemption from sins can be sought from Allah, the Compassionate.

The Arabic word "Bara-atun" means becoming free from a thing. "Bari-a Minal Marz" in Arabic means, he became free from the disease."Bari-a Minal Azfaar" means he removed from himself un-clean things. "Bari-a Min Daunihi" means in-debtor become free from his debt.

 

This word Bara-at is in fact the name of the 9th Chapter of the Quran. The very first Verse begins with the words:

"Bara-atum Minallahi Wa Rasulihi Ilal Lazina aahattum-minal Mushrikin.". The Holy Qur'an 1/9 "A declaration of immunity from Allah and His Messenger to those of the idolaters with whom you made an agreement."

 

In a tradition the Prophet PBUH used this word twice. However, the tradition itself is a kind of prophecy and a fore-telling which reflects on the circumstances of our own times. Hence the whole tradition is given below in translation and the last sentence in which this word has been used.

Hafiz Ibn Hajer Asqalani has reported this tradition in his book Munabbihat as follows:

The Prophet PBUH said that a time will come on my Ummah (people) when they would love five things and forget five others:

They would love the world and forget the Here-after.
They would love their homes and forget their graves.
They would love money and forget accountability in the life hereafter.
They would love their family and forget the Hoors
They would love their own ego(Nafs) and forget Allah.

Hum Minni Buraau Wa Ana Bari-Um Min Hum.
They are free from me and I am free from them.

Please note the horrible consequences of forgetting God, Our Imam the Promised Mahdi PBUH said that:

Gaflat Haram Ast Wa Her Che Moojib-e-Gaflat Ast Haram Ast.
Neglect of God is forbidden and whatever makes an individual neglect Him is also forbidden.

Therefore, this night gives us an opportunity to pray for forgiveness of all our sins, big and small as well as for our indulgence in negligence, so often and so frequently.

As said above, Muslims have observed the night of the fourteenth of Sha'baan from the time of Prophet SAS, as a night for especially seeking forgiveness of our sins from the Merciful God. Several traditions (Ahadith ) of Prophet SAS tell us that in this particular night the Grace and Mercy of our Lord are showered upon His subjects and their prayers are heard.

A few of the traditions are given below:

1. Ibn Maja reported a Hadith , narrated by Aisha RZ, wife of the Prophet(along with a full chain of narrators)·, as follows:

"Ummul Mu-mineen Aisha Rz said that during a night I did not find the Prophet SAS. I went out to search him. I found him in Baquee(graveyard). His head was lifted towards sky. He asked me 'Aisha! Do you fear that Allah and His Messenger would do any injustice with you?' I replied I do not fear that but I thought you have gone to visit some of your wives. Thereupon, he said that· 'Verily Allah, the Most High descends over the horizon of the world in the middle night (14/15th night) of the month of Sha'baan and forgives sins of the people more than the hair of the sheep of Bani Kulb (a tribe known for a large number of sheep possessed by them).’ “

2. Ibn Maja also reports a Hadith narrated by Hz.Ali RZ (with the names of chain of narrators) as follows:

Ali Ibn Abi Talib RZ narrated that the Messenger of God SAS said that when it is the 14/15th night of the month of Sha-ban, worship in the night and observe fast the next day because verily Allah descends towards the horizon of the world from the sunset of that night and says that:

"Is there anyone who seeks redemption from his sins so that I redeem his sins? Is there anyone who seeks provision (Rizq) so that I grant him his provision? Is there anyone who is suffering with troubles so that I bestow well being to him etc.... until it is dawn."

3. Ibn Maja reports another tradition narrated by Abu Musa Ash-ari, a companion of the Prophet SAS as follows:

The Messenger of God SAS said to me that on the 14/15th of Sha-ban, Allah comes into manifestation and forgives the sins of all except the polytheists (mushriks) and the backbiters. He has reported one more tradition from Abu Musa Ash-ari, which is similar to the above tradition

Many more traditions of the Prophet SAS can be quoted to show how much rewarding is the worship during this night and especially in the latter half of it.

However, there are some groups amongst Muslims, who oppose waking up for worship in this night. They argue that the traditions regarding this night are weak.

To be true, their negative arguments are very weak because we find numerous verses in the Qur’an and numerous sound traditions of the Prophet SAS, which describe and promise great rewards of waking up for sometime every night for worshiping. For example Qur’an says about the people who would be in paradise as follows:

"Surely the God fearing shall be in the gardens and fountains, taking whatever their Lord gives them; they were good-doers before this, Little of the night would they slumber and in the hours of early dawn they used to pray for forgiveness.” 15-18/51

"They forsake their beds of sleep while they call their Lord, in fear and hope, and they spend in charity." 16/31.......

The Prophet SAS was commanded by His Lord :
O Thou folded In garments Stand (to prayer) by night, But not all night, Half of it, Or a little more, And recite the Qur’an In slow, measured rhythmic tones. 1-4/73

God, the Almighty commanded His Prophet SAS that:

"And as for the night Keep awake a part of it as An additional prayer (Tahajjud) For thee: soon will thy Lord Raise thee to a station Of praise and glory." 79/17

Hence, it is proved that the traditions are in accordance with the Book of God."

One should consider for himself, if keeping awake for sometime during every night for prayer is so rewarding for the Prophet SAS as well as for his humble followers, why the night in the middle of Sha-ban alone should be singled out for not awaking and not praying.

Moreover, if the traditions (Ahadith) like those quoted above which are ignored and rejected by these people saying they are weak (and which are in fact in consonance with the above verses of the Qur’an), happened to be sound, we shall be missing the great bounties of the Lord promised to be bestowed on His humble subjects in this great Night.

Please note that there is not a single person among these people who has an authority or a scholar greater than Shaikh Abdul Haq Muhaddis Dahlawee. The Shaikh wrote that the traditions of Hz. Ayesha Siddiqha Rz and others are sound (Ashi-atul-Lumu-at).There is no person more pious and close to God among them than was the great saint Hz.Syed Abdul Qadir Jeelani RH . He could never lie and therefore he should never be wrong. Read his Kutbat and the details of the bounties of the night.

In a well known, and acknowledged by all, tradition, the ProphetSAS taught Muslims a litmus test to find out if a tradition is a sound tradition or not to be relied upon. He said that "after me there will be numerous traditions for you". Therefore compare them with the Book of God. If they are in accordance with the Book, accept them otherwise reject them. You have already seen that they are in consonance with Quran.

Hence, without being misled, we should make sure that we keep awak during this night worshiping our Lord with utmost devotion, love and adoration, as our forefathers have been traditionally doing for centuries.

How to invoke Mercy of the Lord during the Shab-e-Bra-at or Night of Redemption:

Be with Wuzu (Ablution) throughout the night as far as possible. And when Wuzu is lost, take a fresh ablution and offer two Raka-ats of Wuzu-Greeting Prayer, immediately after taking an ablution.

Start performing Zikrullah (Remembering God·under the breath) and continue it up to the sunrise. The tongue should not be used while performing Zikrullah. Try to keep attention of your heart towards your Lord. Do not waste time in idle talk with friends.

Say Magrib and Isha obligatory (Farz) prayers with congregation (jama-at). So also, the Fajr prayer in the morning should be offered with the congregation.

Everyone is answerable for the obligatory prayers lost by him in the lifetime. We must offer the Qaza (make-up) prayers to save us from being answerable in the grave. The best way of offering these Qaza prayers, traditionally followed, is to offer five or seven day’s prayers in this night. If it is not possible for any reason, at least three day’s prayers (5 obligatory and one witr wajib, makes one day’s prayers) may be offered. For “niyat” (words to make intention) please refer to the book "Charag-e-deene-Nabawi." We may pray God to accept these Qaza prayers and exonerate us from remaining answerable for the prayers lost by us in the lifetime.

According to the sayings of the Holy Prophet, the servant is more close to God while he is prostrating than in any other condition. Hence he should pray as much as he wants while he is in prostration. We do not raise our hands for supplicating. We invoke while we are prostrating.

Whenever the Wuzu is lost, take a fresh Ablution and offer two Raka-ats of Wuzu-Greeting Prayer and in the end offer a Sajdah (prostration) and say the Munajaat as per the procedure. Then stay prostrating and most humbly pray from the depth of your heart, first and foremost for a firm and strong Faith (Iman) to be granted. And then for a determination to hold it fast till the last breathe. This may be prayed for your loved ones also. Pray for enabling us to live as per our Faith and to act according to what pleases our Lord and keep away from what displeases Him. This is the most opportune time to pray for the great bounties of His Love and Vision.

We may most humbly beg for forgiveness of our sins and our lapses in following the religion of God and in performing our obligatory duties. We may pray for difficulties in our life to be relieved and our problems to be solved. We may pray for the health and well being for ourselves and for our loved ones. We may invoke for granting Halal provision, (Rizq-e-Halal) for ourselves and our brothers and sisters in faith. Also we may invoke for peace and well being of all the fellow human beings.

More and more time should be devoted to Zikrullah (remembering God) because it is obligatory. Reading Qur’an for sometime is rewarding. However, reading with meaning and understanding is more rewarding and reading with a resolve to follow what it demands from us and with a determination to keep away from what it forbids, is most rewarding.

Our fortunate brothers and sisters who regularly offer Tahajjud (late night prayer) may offer it before the end of the night. Others may keep remembering God till the dawn.

Those who want to observe fasting (Saum or Roza) next day may eat their Sahri (meals before dawn).

Offer Fajr prayer in congregation.

Stay in Zikrullah (remembering God) up to the sunrise.

May Allah, our Lord , accepts our prayers & absolve us from our sins during this great Night of Redemption.
Amen!

-------------------------
Imamuna Mehdi-e-Ma'ud Alaihis Salaam said:

" Har Jaa Ke BashaidBa Yaad-e-Khuda Bashaid"
"Where ever you are, keep remembering Allah"

Comments
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Syed A Rasheed  - Assalamuallekum....   |24.148.91.xxx |2013-06-24 18:59:40
Jazakallah khair
Syed Sayeedul Haq Shaheen   |24.148.91.xxx |2012-07-05 08:26:07
Subhanallah, Masha Allah. The most informative essay ever written on this subject on the website.
Syed Sayeedul Haq Shaheen   |24.148.91.xxx |2012-07-05 08:26:45
8081
Syed Sayeedul Haq Shaheen  - Mahdavi   |24.148.91.xxx |2012-07-05 08:26:54
Subha-Allah,Masha-Allah, The most informative essay ever written on this subject.
Syed Basharath Mehdi   |Registered |2011-07-19 10:36:17
Mashaallah very informative article.

Dr Syed Basharath Mehdi
Bolton, UK

SYED AMER MAHDI   |Registered |2011-07-18 23:42:35

مآشآلله بہت عمده اور شاندار مضمون لکها حضرت نے
الله اُنکی عمر دراز کرے


آمین


___________________________
سید عامر مهدی خوند میری
تورآنتو کناڈا
Hasheer  - Mashallah!!!   |144.230.63.xxx |2011-07-17 15:53:37
Assalaamu Alaykum,

Couldn't agree more with Bhai Sajjad. Ameen to all his du'a for Peer-o-Murshid.

Please also post this year's Shab-e-Meraj and Shab-e-Barat video sermon of Murshid Qibla. Jazak Allah Khair.
SYED MOHAMMAD SAJAD   |24.148.0.xxx |2011-07-17 09:44:35
Dear Brothers in Islam,
It is indeed a great pleasure to see the article posted by Hazrath qibla Peer-o-murshid Syed Abul-Fatah Nusrath tashreehullahi. I strongly believe that the services of the hazrath Damma Barkatahu to the mahdavia community is immense and cannot be described in words. The intricate and the extricate knowledge of islamic faith and our mahdavia faith can be found in the hazrath serene personality. I consider him as a GEM, in the entire mahdavia community and every household of the mahdavia community in the entire planet should receive his spiritual (roohani) faiz from the hazrath. The simplicity of the presentatiion of the matter and in responding to the false propaganda by the KUFFARS in the form of CD and on the Youtube was beyond doubt very infromative and sealed the tongues of the KUFFARS, THE ZALIMIN, THE MUNAFIQS, AND THE NON- BELIEVER IN PROMISED MEHDI. We should all pray ALLAH SWT for the health and long life of our spiritual leader, Hazrath damma barkatahu.
JAZAKALLAH KHAIR
SYED MOHAMMAD SAJJAD,
TORONTO, CANADA.
Shiraz Mohammed Khan   |Registered |2011-07-17 09:02:14
Subhan'Allah, what a great article, and what a beautiful words of guidance and advice. May Allah bless Peer-o-Murshid and give him health and long life.

Sent from my Samsung Epic™ 4G

Shiraz M. Khan
nishat   |24.148.0.xxx |2011-07-17 08:14:42
thank q very much
Syed Dilawer Faisal Dilawari   |Registered |2010-07-27 19:41:03
avatar SUBHANALLAH...please always give updates lik dis on all occations so dat our IMAN is refreshed n b made more strong..
SYED TAJAMMUL HUSSAIN  - SUBHANALLAH   |Registered |2009-08-06 23:51:51
JAZAKALLAH
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Last Updated on Tuesday, 09 May 2017 06:45